Afghanistan AML/CTF supervisors
The Da Afghanistan Bank is Afghanistan's central bank
The Da Afghanistan Bank is Afghanistan's central bank, responsible for licencing, regulating, and supervising banks, foreign exchange brokers, money service providers, payment system operators, securities service providers, and securities transfer system operators.
Afghanistan's Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Center (FinTRACA)
Afghanistan's Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Center (FinTRACA) was formed in 2006 as a Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) pursuant to the AML legislation. It has complete control in deciding how to collect, analyse, and disseminate knowledge about money laundering and terrorism financing. FinTRACA, in collaboration with financial regulators, law enforcement agents, and lawyers, leads to the establishment and maintenance of an atmosphere conducive to detecting and combating money laundering and terrorist financing in Afghanistan.
How to comply with regulations in Afghanistan
As a financial service provider, you need to ensure that you have an AML/CTF program in place:
- Financial institutions are required to have adequate policies, procedures and controls to combat potential money laundering and terrorism financing risk
- You are required to identify customers properly
- You must audit your AML/CFT program (as well as your risk assessment) every two years, or at any time as requested by your AML/CFT supervisor. A copy of your audit may be requested by your supervisor. Financial institutions are required to submit reports to FINTRACA for large cash transactions and suspicious transactions
- Financial institutions are required to retain records of transactions
- You are required to have staff that have been trained sufficiently to carry out their duties under this regulation
Each reporting entity is distinct and poses unique money laundering and terrorism financing threats. A financial institution's anti-money laundering policy should be proportionate to the scale, scope, risks, and sophistication of its activities, and should be adopted by the bank's or financial institution's board of directors, and be applicable to both domestic and international branches, as well as majority-owned subsidiaries.
All AML/CTF programs must be risk-based. The risk assessment serves are the foundation for your entire anti-money laundering/counter-terrorism financing program. Financial companies should have processes in place to classify, evaluate, track, handle, and minimise threats associated with money laundering and terrorism funding.
What are my AML/CTF reporting obligations
As a financial service provider, you must report certain transactions and suspicious matters to FinTRACA. Notable ongoing reporting obligations include:
- Threshold reporting - Large Cash Transaction Report - requires an individual to notify FINTRACA of the details of transactions (deposits, withdrawals, or transfers) in excess of AFS 1,000,000 or its equivalent in other currencies. FINTRACA should be notified no earlier than the first business day of the month and no later than the fifth business day of the month following the month in which the transaction occurred
- Suspicious Transaction Reporting - Within three business days of suspicions arising around any transaction or attempted transaction, regardless of size, including proceeds of crime or funds relating to or to be used for money laundering or terrorism funding, you should notify FINTRACA
- Tipping Off - Financial institutions, their directors, and staff are prohibited from reporting to a client or any other entity the existence of a FinTRACA or AML/CTF investigative study